What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme disease, the most common vector-borne disease in the United States, poses a serious health crisis both nationally and internationally.
Transmitted by the bite of a tick, Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the spirochete (spiral shaped bacteria) Borrelia burgdorferi.
Lyme disease is a systemic infection that can affect almost any part of the body.
Since Lyme is a multisystem disease, the list of symptoms is long, and it is common to see symptoms affecting multiple systems.
Where is Lyme disease?
Lyme disease is found in many countries worldwide.
In the United States, all fifty states report Lyme disease. The Northeast, North-central and Pacific coastal regions have the highest reported prevalence of Lyme disease.
Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases move into new areas as host birds migrate, and as infected humans travel around the country.
It is important to take proper precautions nationwide to reduce the risk of contracting tick-borne pathogens.