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Co-infections: Q Fever

Q Fever

  • Cause: Coxiella burnetii bacteria

  • Contracted on farms and ranches that have infected cattle, sheep, or goats

  • Usually contracted from contact with placenta or birth fluids while assisting in the birth of the young from infected animals

  • Also contracted by:

  • Inhaling dust contaminated with feces, the placenta, or amniotic fluid of infected animals

  • Drinking unpasturized milk from infected animals

  • Contact with urine of infected animals

  • A bite from an infected tick

  • Most infected animals show no symptoms

  • The disease may be discovered by an outbreak of animal stillbirths on the ranch or farm

  • High fever,

  • 104 or 105 degrees

  • Severe headache

  • Malaise

  • Myalgia

  • Chills, sweats

  • Dry cough

  • Nausea, vomiting

  • Abdominal pain

  • Chest pain

Q Fever Can Cause
  • Most successful if begun promptly. Don’t wait for test results, which are usually negative early in the illness.

  • Acute Stage:  Treat 2 to 3 weeks with Doxycycline

  • Chronic Illness: Treat 18 months with Doxycycline, 100 mg. 2 times a day plus Hydroxychloroquine, 200 mg. 3 times a day

  • Children:  Doxycycline if severely ill
    Co-trimoxazole for mild illness in children under age 8

  • Pregnancy: Treat for duration of pregnancy with Co-trimoxazole, 1 time per day

  • Pneumonia

  • Encephalitis

  • Myocarditis

  • Aortic aneuryism

  • Cirrhosis

  • Meningitis

  • Endocarditis

  • Pericarditis

  • Hepatitis

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